Afinal a reunião de amanhã vai ser moderada pela Rosa que propõe o texto "O valor de colocar questões" de Ronald D. Vale, sobre a importância do questionamento na exploração intelectual e ensino, referindo as escolas socráticas e budistas.
O tema do biofeedback na meditação fica assim para a reunião seguinte.
"The value of asking questions" (Ronald D. Vale)
"You can't expect to wake up one morning and run a marathon with-
out training. Similarly, asking good questions is a skill that requires
practice, training, and mentoring. If a child (or adult) is placed in an
environment that does not encourage active questioning, then that
skill will not become an active habit of mind.
The purpose and practice of active questioning has its roots in
ancient philosophic traditions. Socrates is well known for using
questioning to probe the validity of an assumption, analyze the
logic of an argument, and explore the unknown. Questions were
a means to educate his students by drawing out their under-
standing of a subject and then leading them to discover a set of
logical conclusions instead of lecturing them on what is true or
false. Socratic questioning is still advocated as a powerful con-
temporary teaching method (Brill and Yarden, 2003).
Questioning is a core principle of Eastern philosophies as well.
In the Prashna-Upanishad, one of the earliest of the Upanishad texts
that serve as a foundation of Hinduism, pupils pose six great ques-
tions to a wise teacher (prashna means question in Sanskrit).
The Buddha also encouraged questioning by his disciples, and a
fundamental role for questioning is still embraced in the practices
of modern Buddhism. I recently had the pleasure of visiting
Dharamsala, India, where I watched Tibetan Buddhist monks
debate—a daily practice that involves one monk continually
questioning another monk for an hour, often on esoteric points of
Buddhist thought. The impressive aspect of this practice is how the
monks use this method of questioning/answering to hone their skills
in logic and to probe complex questions. The questioning involves
great mental concentration and intense exchange, punctuated by
episodes of laughter and joy. Interestingly, the use of questioning
for intellectual exploration and teaching evolved independently in
Socratic and Buddhist schools of thought, and both developed this
skill through a high degree of discipline and practice."
O programa é:
- Meditação em silêncio: 30 minutos
- Leitura do texto
- Reflexão conjunta sobre o texto